A dog is a type of domesticated carnivorous mammal that characteristically has a long nose, with a strong sense of smell, and a barking voice. Moreover, the first domesticated animal in the animal species are dogs, and have been reared by humans for quite a long period. Universally, dogs are born in different colors, and as they grow they possess different shape and size, however, these dogs perform roles which are common to all dogs, these include, providing security, pulling loads, hunting and herding. Dogs also perform duties which some seem impossible. Some these duties include, providing military companionship, assisting the physically disabled people as well as offering therapeutic duties. Universally, the most common types of dogs include the guard dogs, working dogs, hunting dogs, companion dogs, and herding dogs.
When an individual or a family wants to breed a dog, there are basic commands that they need to teach the dog, these include, sit, come, down, stay, and leave it command. Out of the five basic commands, the sit command is regarded as the simplest command to dog training, and also it is viewed as an act of dog`s` respect to the owner. The steps involved in training a dog how to sit include, holding a dog`s meal close to its nose, then move the hand upward and allowing the dog`s head to follow the food, making its back to move downwards, once the dog is in a sitting position, the instructor needs to say sit. Once the dog has mastered the sit command, the owner needs to train the dog to sit before mealtime, when leaving for walks, and during situations that the owner would like the dog to calm and seated.
On the other hand, the down command is considered to a difficult command in dog training obedience since it is a submissive position, however, the trainer need to find a good smelling food for the dog and hold it closed in his hand, then he need to hold the hand up to the dog`s nose and when the dog sniffs the food, the instructor needs to move his hand to the floor so that the dog follow, once the dog`s` head is on the floor, one needs to slide their hand along the ground in front of the dog so as to encourage the dog`s` body to move forward and follow its head, once the dog is in a down position, the owner need to say down and the give the dog the food.
The staying command is also considered complex since not every dog can easily follow this command, it is only dogs that have mastered the sit command that can comply with the stay command. It is advisable to train a dog the leave it command since it can prevent a dog from harm in the event that it wants to smell something hazardous.