Nursing is a profession within the health care sector focused on the care of individuals, families, and communities so they may attain, maintain, British mature nurse recover optimal health and quality of life.
Nurses may be differentiated from other health care providers by their approach to patient caretrainingand scope of practice. Nurses practice in many specialties with differing levels of prescription authority. Many nurses provide care within the ordering scope of physiciansand this traditional role British mature nurse shaped the public image of nurses as British mature nurse providers.
However, nurse practitioners are permitted by most jurisdictions to practice independently in a variety of settings. In the postwar period, nurse education has undergone a process of diversification towards advanced and specialized credentialsand many of the traditional regulations and provider roles are changing.
Nurses develop a plan of care, working collaboratively with physicians, therapists, the patient, the patient's family and other team members, that focuses on treating illness to improve quality of life. In the United States and the United Kingdom, advanced practice nurses, such as clinical nurse specialists and nurse practitioners, diagnose health problems and prescribe medications and other therapies, depending on individual state regulations.
Nurses may help coordinate the patient British mature nurse performed by other members of a multidisciplinary health care team such as therapists, medical practitioners and dietitians. Nurses provide care both interdependently, for example, with physicians, and independently as nursing professionals.
Nursing historians face the challenge of determining whether care provided to the sick or injured in antiquity was nursing care. Hence, any one desirous of acquiring a thorough knowledge of anatomy should prepare a dead body and carefully, observe, by dissecting it, and examine its different parts.
Before the foundation of modern nursing, members of religious orders such as nuns and monks often provided nursing-like care. Phoebementioned in Romans 16 has been described in many sources as "the first visiting nurse". The religious roots of modern nursing remain in evidence today in many countries. One example in British mature nurse United Kingdom is the use of the historical title "sister" to refer to a senior nurse in the past. During the Reformation of the 16th century, Protestant reformers shut down the monasteries and convents, allowing a few hundred municipal hospices to remain in operation in northern Europe.
Those nuns who had been serving as nurses were given pensions or told to get married and stay home. The nursing profession suffered a major setback for approximately years. Florence British mature nurse laid the foundations of professional nursing after the Crimean War. The Nightingale model of professional education, having set up the first school of nursing that is connected to a continuously operating hospital and medical school, spread widely in Europe and North America after Francis Health Services, Inc.
Formal use of nurses in the modern military began in the latter half of the nineteenth century. Hospital-based training came to the fore in the early s, with an emphasis on practical experience. The Nightingale-style school began to disappear. British mature nurse and physicians saw women in nursing as a source of free or inexpensive labor. Exploitation of nurses was not uncommon by employers, physicians and educational providers. Many nurses saw active duty in World War Ibut the profession was transformed during the second World War.